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~Prabuddha Biswas

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Mr. Biswas has done Postgraduation in Geology, but his keen interest in history encouraged him too much. He has also written a book on “The Making of the First Cantonment of the Indian Subcontinent in Patna, 1757-1768” and it has been published. His deep knowledge in History and Research work also encouraged him to write so many articles (more than 100).

Mr. Biswas has been a member of the editorial team of two government publications ‘Patna-A Monumental History’ (2008) & ‘Monuments of Bihar’ (2011). Both books were published by the Department of Art, Culture and Youth, Govt. of Bihar.

Presently, Mr. Biswas is keenly involved in the research work of military warfare and war strategies. He is also on an exploration of communication routes passing through Bihar during various historical periods. He has delivered several guest lectures on related issues at prestigious institutes of the state, including Patna Museum, KP Jayaswal Rsearch institute, Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library and Virasat amongothers.

The Making of the First Cantonment of the Indian Subcontinent in Patna, 1757-1768

The Historic ‘Ganga River-Front Campus’ of Patna University & Its Heritage Buildings

Monuments of Bihar”







The small village of Rampurva is situated about two miles north-northwest of Gaunaha Railway Station, in West Champaran on the border of Bihar and Nepal.

The place was explored by number of scholars, who include Carlleyle (1877-78), Alexander Cunningham (1880-81) and Daya Ram Sahni (1907-08).

There are two Ashokan Pillars and two mounds (stupa) only 200 yards apart but Cunningham and others couldn’t understand what these two mounds and two Ashokan pillars represented.

The Current Hypothesis: – However, historian Jagdishwar Pandey identifies them as commemorative stupas at Rampurva.

  1. The River Harborah flows nearby, which has been identified with ‘Anoma River’ in ancient Buddhist scriptures.
  2. Prince Siddhartha after leaving Kapilvastu at age of 29, in the night of full moon month of Asadh, with his chariot driver Chandak had moved eastward.
  3. After crossing the River Anoma, Siddhartha left his princely attire and donned the dress of monk.
  4. The first commemorative stupa on the river-bank is ‘Chandaka-Return’ and the second commemorative stupa is the place where Buddha wore the saffron-clad cloth, the dress of a monk after discarding princely attire.
  5. The Ashokan pillars, which were retrieved also hint the similar story: – (i) The Lion capital (found near the river) symbolises Buddha as the King/prince; whereas (ii) The Bull Capital symbolises Buddha as wandering mendicant in Indian tradition.

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